J Korean Ophthalmol Soc > Volume 53(8); 2012 > Article
Journal of the Korean Ophthalmological Society 2012;53(8):1068-1075.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3341/jkos.2012.53.8.1068    Published online August 15, 2012.
Clinical Efficacy of Topical Voriconazole as Treatment in Culture-Positive Fungal Keratitis.
Chang Ho Yoon, Mee Kum Kim, Wong Ryang Wee
1Department of Ophthalmology, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. kmk9@snu.ac.kr
2Laboratory of Corneal Regenerative Medicine and Ocular Immunology, Seoul Artificial Eye Center, Seoul National University Hospital Biomedical Research Institute, Seoul, Korea.
보리코나졸 점안이 배양 양성 진균각막염 치료에 미치는 임상 효과의 분석
윤창호1,2⋅김미금1,2⋅위원량1,2
Department of Ophthalmology, Seoul National University College of Medicine1, Seoul, Korea
Laboratory of Corneal Regenerative Medicine and Ocular Immunology, Seoul Artificial Eye Center,
Seoul National University Hospital Biomedical Research Institute2, Seoul, Korea
Abstract
PURPOSE
To evaluate the efficacy of topical voriconazole in treatment of culture-positive fungal keratitis. METHODS: Twenty-two cases of culture-positive fungal keratitis treated with topical anti-fungal drugs from October 2004 to December 2010 were evaluated and medical records were reviewed. Patients were divided into 3 groups according to the method of topical antifungal treatment; the first group (V, n = 6) received voriconazole monotherapy, the second group (V+, n = 10) received topical voriconazole and amphotericin B combined therapy, and the third group (A, n = 6) received amphotericin B monotherapy. RESULTS: The treatment success rate between the 3 groups was not significantly different. The epithelial defect healing time of group V was shorter than group V+. Treatment failure risk factors included Fusarium spp. infection and the presence of hypopyon. Eight eyes received topical voriconazole maintenance therapy for 66 days and there were no corneal erosions or epithelial defects. CONCLUSIONS: In fungal keratitis, topical voriconazole is as effective as other standard treatments and provides a faster healing time in the corneal epithelium than other standard treatments. However, voriconazole should be used with caution and therapeutic surgery should be considered in Fusarium spp. infections.
Key Words: Amphotericin B;Fungal keratitis;Voriconazole


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