J Korean Ophthalmol Soc > Volume 60(10); 2019 > Article
Journal of the Korean Ophthalmological Society 2019;60(10):1006-1009.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3341/jkos.2019.60.10.1006    Published online October 15, 2019.
Anterior Uveitis Caused by Listeria Monocytogenes Infection.
Yu Min Kim, Jae Uk Jung, Yong Koo Kang, Dong Ho Park, Jae Pil Shin
Department of Ophthalmology, Kyungpook National University School of Medicine, Daegu, Korea. jps11@hanmail.net
리스테리아 모노사이토제네스 감염에 의한 앞포도막염
김유민 · 정재욱 · 강용구 · 박동호 · 신재필
경북대학교 의과대학 안과학교실
Correspondence:  Jae Pil Shin,
Email: jps11@hanmail.net
Received: 7 March 2019   • Revised: 13 April 2019   • Accepted: 24 September 2019
To report a case of anterior uveitis secondary to Listeria monocytogenes infection. CASE SUMMARY: A 57-year-old male presented to our clinic with ocular pain and decreased vision in the right eye for 2 days. The patient had a history of liver transplantation 2 years prior and used immunosuppressive agents. Listeria monocytogenes was identified in blood cultures 1 month before his visit. At presentation, best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) of the right eye was counting fingers at 20 cm and the intraocular pressure (IOP) was 50 mmHg. Conjunctival hyperemia, corneal edema, keratic precipitates, and cells in the anterior chamber were observed in the right eye. The patient was diagnosed as anterior uveitis in the right eye. Conventional uveitis treatment was initiated but clinical features did not improve and black hypopyon appeared. The possibility of anterior uveitis caused by Listeria monocytogenes infection was considered. An anterior chamber tap and culture were conducted to identify pathogens. Anterior chamber antibiotic injections and systemic antibiotic injections were performed. One week after injection, the BCVA of the right eye improved to 0.4 and the IOP decreased to 14 mmHg. One month after injection, the BCVA of the right eye improved to 1.0 and the IOP decreased to 16 mmHg. No inflammation of the anterior chamber was observed. CONCLUSIONS: When nonspecific uveitis occurs in immunosuppressed patients, cultures and appropriate antibiotics should be considered because of the possibility of infection.
Key Words: Dark hypopyon;Endophthalmitis;Listeria monocytogenes;Uveitis

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