J Korean Ophthalmol Soc > Volume 58(3); 2017 > Article
Journal of the Korean Ophthalmological Society 2017;58(3):251-258.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3341/jkos.2017.58.3.251    Published online March 15, 2017.
Clinical Characteristics of Intraorbital Foreign Bodies: Our Experience with 14 Cases.
Yeji Moon, Ji Won Seo, Sunah Kang, Ho Seok Sa
1Department of Ophthalmology, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. lineblue@hanmail.net
2Department of Ophthalmology, Ilsan Paik Hospital, Inje University College of Medicine, Goyang, Korea.
안와내이물의 임상 양상
문예지1⋅서지원2⋅강선아1⋅사호석1
울산대학교 의과대학 서울아산병원 안과학교실1, 인제대학교 의과대학 일산백병원 안과학교실2
Correspondence:  Ho-Seok Sa, MD, PhD
Email: lineblue@hanmail.net
Received: 24 November 2016   • Revised: 9 January 2017   • Accepted: 21 February 2017
Abstract
PURPOSE
To evaluate the clinical characteristics of intraorbital foreign bodies as well as the treatment outcomes. METHODS: This was a noncomparative interventional case series. Clinical data and radiographic images were gathered via retrospective chart reviews of 14 patients who underwent surgical removal of intraorbital foreign bodies by an oculoplastic surgeon at the Asan Medical Center, Seoul, Korea between July 2012 and November 2015. RESULTS: The mean age of patients was 45.1 years and 13 patients (92.9%) were male. There were 9 metallic; 3 nonmetallic, inorganic; and 2 organic intraorbital foreign bodies in this series. The most common orbital complication was orbital wall fracture (8, 57.1%), and one patient had orbital cellulitis associated with a wooden foreign body. Six patients (42.9%) underwent surgical removal of foreign bodies in a delayed setting, and 4 of them needed surgery to allow for the brain magnetic resonance image tests to evaluate neurologic problems. There were 6 patients (42.9%) who had a postoperative corrected visual acuity worse than 20/200, and all of them had poor visual acuity at the time of injury due to associated eyeball or optic nerve injuries. Four patients (28.6%) had eyeball movement limitations from the initial trauma, but only 1 patient had persistent limitations postoperatively. There were no other complications associated with surgical removal. CONCLUSIONS: The majority of patients with intraorbital foreign bodies were male who had periorbital traumas. The most common foreign body was metal, and orbital wall fractures were common. The poor visual prognosis was related to the eyeball or optic nerve injuries from the initial trauma. The urgent surgical removal should be performed for organic foreign bodies or associated orbital/ocular injuries. Metallic foreign bodies may also be considered for removal to allow for possible brain magnetic resonance image evaluations in the future.
Key Words: Intraorbital foreign body;Orbital trauma


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