J Korean Ophthalmol Soc > Volume 55(12); 2014 > Article
Journal of the Korean Ophthalmological Society 2014;55(12):1883-1889.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3341/jkos.2014.55.12.1883    Published online December 15, 2014.
Correction of Hypertropia Coexisting with Intermittent Exotropia.
Kwan Hyuk Cho, Joo Yeon Lee
Department of Ophthalmology, Hallym University Sacred Heart Hospital, Hallym University College of Medicine, Anyang, Korea. kimleejy@hallym.or.kr
상사시를 동반한 간헐 외사시에서 상사시 교정에 대한 임상적 고찰
Department of Ophthalmology, Hallym University Sacred Heart Hospital, Hallym University College of Medicine, Anyang, Korea
To investigate the clinical features associated with hypertropia and report the surgical outcomes of hypertropia coexisting with exotropia. METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of 148 patients with intermittent exotropia coexisting with hypertropia over 4 PD who received exotropia surgery. The cases accompanied by apparent paralytic strabismus such as superior oblique palsy were excluded. Patients were divided into group I(clinically diagnosed hypertropia) and group II (non-specific hypertropia) and the clinical features of coexisting hypertropia and surgical outcomes were analyzed. RESULTS: Among the 148 patients, group Iconsisted of 38 patients (26%) and group II of 110 patients (74%). The average amount of preoperative hypertropia angle in primary gaze was 9.58 +/- 3.89 PD and 6.62 +/- 2.69 PD in group I and II, respectively. Group I included 12 patients with dissociated vertical deviation (DVD), 10 patients with unilateral inferior oblique overaction, 13 patients with asymmetric bilateral inferior oblique overaction and 3 patients with superior oblique overaction. Group II included 19 patients with comitant hypertropia (17%), head tilt positive pattern (simulated superior oblique palsy) was found in 84 patients (76.3%) and variable incomitance was observed. In group I, 29 patients received simultaneous horizontal muscle with hypertropia surgery. Postoperative hypertropia angle in group I was 1.41 +/- 2.93 PD and 4 cases were considered surgical failure. In group II, hypertropia was resolved with horizontal muscle surgery only and the amount of postoperative hypertropia was 0.45 +/- 1.60 PD. CONCLUSIONS: In this study, vertical deviations in intermittent exotropia with concomitant hypertropia related to obvious oblique muscle dysfunction or DVD were corrected effectively by oblique or vertical rectus muscle surgery. Nonspecific hypertropia can be resolved after horizontal muscle surgery alone, however, for precise differential diagnosis, careful examination for variable clinical features is necessary before determining surgery.
Key Words: Hypertropia;Intermittent exotropia;Oblique muscle dysfunction;Simulated superior oblique palsy

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