J Korean Ophthalmol Soc > Volume 53(9); 2012 > Article
Journal of the Korean Ophthalmological Society 2012;53(9):1304-1310.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3341/jkos.2012.53.9.1304    Published online September 15, 2012.
The Effects of Stress on Intraocular Pressure and Lacrimal Secretion.
Young Jun Woo, Ji Eob Kim, Sang Hoon Rah, Jong Hyuck Lee
Department of Ophthalmology, Yonsei University Wonju College of Medicine, Wonju, Korea. ophjhlee@yonsei.ac.kr
스트레스가 안압 및 눈물분비에 미치는 영향
우영준⋅김지업⋅나상훈⋅이종혁
Department of Ophthalmology, Yonsei University Wonju College of Medicine, Wonju, Korea
Abstract
PURPOSE
To evaluate the effects of psychosocial stress on intraocular pressure and lacrimal secretion. METHODS: Twenty normal adult volunteers (40 eyes) who had no history of systemic or ocular disease such as dry eye syndrome or glaucoma were recruited from clinical research participants. Heart rate, intraocular pressure and lacrimal secretion were measured after the Trier Social Stress Test (TSST) which induces psychosocial stress. The same measurements were taken 1 week later and the recorded measurements were considered as the control group. RESULTS: Heart rate was elevated significantly after the TSST, indicating psychosocial stress was induced by the TSST. Compared to stress resolution status, intraocular pressure and lacrimal secretion were increased after the TSST (p = 0.027, p = 0.011). Elevation of intraocular pressure and lacrimal secretion was statistically significant in males (p = 0.031, p = 0.007), but not significant in females (p = 0.336, p = 0.554). CONCLUSIONS: Psychosocial stress can increase intraocular pressure and lacrimal secretion.
Key Words: Intraocular pressure;Lacrimal secretion;Psychosocial stress


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