J Korean Ophthalmol Soc > Volume 51(1); 2010 > Article
Journal of the Korean Ophthalmological Society 2010;51(1):70-75.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3341/jkos.2010.51.1.70    Published online January 15, 2010.
The Effects of Occlusion Therapy in Patients With Anisometropic Amblyopia Aged 8 Years and Older.
Seong Jae Kim, Yeon Jeong Park, Ji Myoung Yoo
1Department of Ophthalmology, Gyeongsang National University, College of Medicine, Chinju, Korea. yjm@gnu.ac.kr
2Gyeongsang Institute of Health Science, Gyeongsang National University, Chinju, Korea.
8세 이상의 굴절부등약시 환아에서 종일 가림치료와 부분 가림치료의 효과
김성재1ㆍ박연정1ㆍ유지명1,2
Department of Ophthalmology, Gyeongsang National University, College of Medicine1, Chinju, Korea Gyeongsang Institute of Health Science, Gyeongsang National University2, Chinju, Korea
Abstract
PURPOSE
To compare the effects of full-time and part-time occlusion therapy in patients who had been diagnosed with anisometropic amblyopia after age eight and have begun treatment. METHODS: We included patients eight years old or older who had been diagnosed with anisometropic amblyopia. They were treated with full-time or part-time occlusion therapy and followed up for at least six months. Treatment was considered successful when visual acuity was increased by two lines or more. RESULTS: There were 26 total patients. There were 14 part-time and 12 full-time occlusion therapy patients in the respective groups. Visual acuity for the amblyopic eyes was significantly improved while the non-amblyopic eyes did not show any significant differences after the treatment. The changes in the visual acuity were significantly larger for the full-time treatment group compared to the part-time treatment group. The full-time occlusion group showed a significant difference in visual acuity of the amblyopic eyes after treatment. Lower visual acuity of an amblyopic eye at the first visit led to a greater improvement in visual acuity after the treatment. CONCLUSIONS: With good compliance, occlusion therapy for anisometropic amblyopia can be successful even if it is initiated after eight years of age.
Key Words: Anisometropic amblyopia;Occlusion therapy


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