Journal of the Korean Ophthalmological Society 2007;48(4):535-540.
Published online April 30, 2007.
The Effect on Outcome of Amblyopia Treatment in Children with Anisometropic Amblyopia.
Seung Soo Rho, Hong Seok Yang, Yoon Hee Chang, Young Ju Lew, Jong Bok Lee
1Department of Ophthalmology, Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon, Korea.
2Department of Ophthalmology, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
3Department of Ophthalmology, Konyang University, Kim's Eye Hospital, Seoul, Korea.
굴절부등 약시 환아의 치료결과에 영향을 미치는 요인
Department of Ophthalmology, Ajou University School of Medicine1, Suwon, Korea Department of Ophthalmology, Yonsei University College of Medicine2, Seoul, Korea Department of Ophthalmology, Konyang University, Kim`s Eye Hospital3, Seoul, Korea
Correspondence:  Seung Soo Rho, M.D.1
To evaluate the factors affecting treatment outcome of children with anisometropic amblyopia. METHODS: We retrospectively investigated the treatment outcome of 57 children who were diagnosed as anisometropic amblyopia. The age at initial treatment, initial best corrected visual acuity of the amblyopic eye, amount and type of anisometropia, strabismus and compliance of treatment were investigated. RESULTS: The mean age and standard deviation at initial treatment was 5.3+/-1.8(3-9) years. The absolute average values of spherical and cylindrical anisometropia were 2.87+/-1.99D and 1.87+/-2.24D respectively. While compliance was significantly related to treatment outcome, the age at initial treatment, visual acuity on amblyopic eye, amount and type of anisometropia, and strabismus had no significant influence on treatment outcome. CONCLUSIONS: Treatment compliance was the most significant factor in the treatment of anisometropic amblyopia.
Key Words: Amblyopia;Anisometropia;Compliance

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