Journal of the Korean Ophthalmological Society 2001;42(8):1240-1244.
Published online August 1, 2001.
A Case of Proptosis Associated with Orbital Panniculitis.
In Taek Kim, Seung Min Ha, Seung Il Lee
1Department of Ophthalmology, School of Medicine, Kyungpook National University.
2Department of Ophthalmology,Ulsan Dong-Kang Hospital.
안와지방층염과 관련된 안구돌출 1 례
김인택(In Taek Kim),하승민(Seung Min Ha),이승일(Seung Il Lee)
To report a case with proptosis associated with orbital panniculitis. METHODS: A 34-old-year man with unilateral proptosis for 1 month presented with diffuse swelling and redness in the eyelid and conjunctiva. His systemic symptoms were high fever, headache, nausea, diarrhea, dizziness, weight loss, malaise and hepatosplenomegaly. He had subcutaneous nodules on the inguinal region, the pubis, and the upper abdomen. Ophthalmic examinations, orbit magnetic resonance imaging(MRI), and biopsy from orbital tissue were performed. RESULTS: The right eye revealed proptosis(22/14/102, Hertel's exophthalmometer), but other ocular findings including the fundus were normal. Diffuse infilterative lesions and definite proptosis were shown on orbit MRI. Biopsy specimen of orbital tissue revealed histiocytes containing nuclei and nuclear debris, mononuclear cells infiltration, and the characteristic 'bean-bag' cell i.e., macrophage exhibiting hemophagocytosis, which is histopathological characteristic of cytophagic histiocytic panniculitis. Proptosis, swelling and redness of the eyelid improved gradually following systemic corticosteroid therapy to control the disease. CONCLUSION: This report describes a rare finding of proptosis as the manifesting sign of orbital panniculitis.
Key Words: Cytophagic histiocytic panniculitis;Orbit;Proptosis

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