Journal of the Korean Ophthalmological Society 1973;14(4):301-306.
Published online January 1, 2001.
Clinical Studies on the Normal Retinal Circulation Times.
Jae Heung Lee, Hong Duck Kim, Chan Kyu Oh, Wan Seop Shim, Chul Hong
Department of Ophthalmology, College of Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea.
망막순환시간에 대한 임상적 고찰
After injection of See of 10% fluorescein sodium into the antecubital vein, the arm-to-retinal times of 22 normal adults were measured by watching through KOWA fundus camera (exciter filter: Fuji 18, barrier filter: Kodak Wratten 15G), and the retinal circulation times of 13 normal adults were measured with pictures of the serial fluorescein angiography by ZEISS fundus camera (exciter filter: Kodak Wratten 47A, barrier filter: Schott GG14). The normal ranges and the mean values of arm-to-retinal time and retinal circulation time are: 1. Arm-to-retina time; 9.0 sec. - 21.5 sec. (mean; 14.1 sec.). 2. Retinal circulation time; a. Early venous phase; 1.0 sec. - 5.0 sec. (mean; 2.6 sec.). b. Late venous phase; 4.5 sec. - 11.0 sec. (mean: 8.1 sec.).

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