Journal of the Korean Ophthalmological Society 1998;39(2):382-387.
Published online February 1, 1998.
Myopia vs Retinopathy of Prematurity.
Key Hwan Lim, Young Suk Yu
1Department of Ophthalmology, College of Medicine, Ehwa Woman University, Seoul, Korea.
2Department of Ophthalmology, College of Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea.
미숙아망막병증과 근시
임기환(Key Hwan Lim),유영석(Young Suk Yu)
Abstract
The authors report the incidence of myopia in a group of premature infants with birth weights of less than 1500g and/or gestational age less than 33 weeks. One hundred sixty eight babies who were born in one hospital from Jan. 1991 to Dec. 1993 were included. Eyes were refracted using cycloplegic retinoscopy at 6 months after term. Myopia was observed in 49.8% of the refracted eyes. High myopia was observed in 1.4%. The history of acute retinopathy of prematurity was not associated with the development of myopia or high myopia(Fishers exact test, p>0.05), but the history of threshold retinopathy of prematurity was associated with the high incidence of myopia and high myopia(Chi-square test, p<0.05).
Key Words: Myopia;Prematurity;Retinopathy of prematurity


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