Journal of the Korean Ophthalmological Society 1996;37(8):1397-1404.
Published online August 1, 1996.
Comparison of Inhibitory Effects of 5-Fluorouracil and Mitomycin C on Proliferation of Fibroblagts and Retinal Pigment Epithelial Cells.
Se Youp Lee, Kyung Ho Woo, Kwang Soo Kim
Department of Ophthalmology, College of Medicine, Keimyung University, Seoul, Korea.
섬유모세포 및 망막색소상피 증식에 대한 5-Fluorouracil 과 Mitomycin C 의 억제효과 비교
이세엽(Se Youp Lee),우경호(Kyung Ho Woo),김광수(Kwang Soo Kim)
Abstract
We evaluated the antiproliferative properties of Fluorouracil(5-FU) and Mitomycin C(MMC) in a tissue culture model of fibroblast and retinal pigment epithelial cells. Both drugs caused the dose dependent inhibition on proliferation of the cultured cells. The concentrations of 5 FU and MMC required for 50% inhibition of cellular growth(ID50) were 0.45mg/L and 2.3 X 10(-3)mg/L for rabbit subconjuntival fibroblasts, 0.21mg/L and 3.5 X 10(-3)mg/L for rabbit dermal fibroblast, 0.58mg/L and 7.4 X 10(-3)mg/L for rabbit retinal pigment epithelial cells, and 0.38mg/L and 3.4 X 10(-3)mg/L for human retinal pigment epithelial cells, respectively. In general, ID50 of both drugs were higher in retinal pigment epithelial cells than in fibroblasts but MMC showed same inhibitory effect on proliferation of all cell types at lower doses in comparision to 5-FU. These results suggest that 5-FU and MMC may be of significant values in the treatment of intraocular proliferative disorders and MMC, however, seems to be more useful than 5-FU if it's safty would be proved.
Key Words: Fibroblast;Fluorouracil;Mitonlycin C;Retinal pigment epithelial cell


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